[ti:What Do You Bring to a ‘BYOB’ Party?][by:shang05.com][00:00.00]更多听力请访问shang05.com[00:07.96]And now, Words and Their Stories from VOA Learning English![00:16.64]Americans often try to say things as quickly as possible.[00:22.76]So, for some expressions, we use the first letters of the words instead of saying each word.[00:31.28]Many common expressions or long names are shortened this way.[00:36.64]B-Y-O-B is a short way of saying, "Bring Your Own Bottle."[00:44.32]For example, The letters BYOB are often found at the bottom of a written invitation[00:51.00]to a simple social event or gathering of friends.[00:56.56]For example, let's say I had a New Year's Eve party.[01:01.08]I might include on the invitation, "Please come to my party and BYOB."[01:08.48]The bottle each person brings is what the person wants to drink at the party or wants to share.[01:17.56]However, an invitation to a special event – such as a wedding --would never say BYOB.[01:26.80]An invitation to an official or very special event often has other letters written at the bottom.[01:34.72]The letters are R-S-V-P.[01:39.04]These letters represent the French expression, "Repondez S'il Vous Plait."[01:45.28]In English the words mean, "Respond If It Pleases You."[01:50.44]Americans use the letters as a short way to say, "Please answer this invitation."[01:57.24]Another expression usually used for business and not parties is A-S-A-P.[02:05.68]So, a colleague might say she needs something done ASAP.[02:10.64]It means as soon as possible.[02:14.92]She might also need something done by C-O-B.[02:19.32]That means she wants to finish it by "Close Of Business" or the end of the work day.[02:27.24]Beginning letters are often used to represent the names of universities.[02:33.40]A famous one is MIT.[02:36.24]That is short for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[02:42.48]Another major university is UCLA.[02:46.60]Almost no one ever says its real name, the University of California at Los Angeles.[02:53.56]That takes way too long![02:56.96]Many American government agencies are also known by their beginning letters.[03:03.08]For example, the F-B-I is the Federal Bureau of Investigation.[03:08.84]The FBI investigates criminal activity in the United States.[03:15.20]Then there is the I-R-S, the Internal Revenue Service.[03:20.96]It is not a very popular agency because it collects federal taxes.[03:28.72]And that's all for Voice of America's Words and Their Stories.[03:33.12]Or maybe I should just say VOA's WATS.[03:38.36]Until next time, I'm Anna Matteo.[03:41.08]更多听力请访问shang05.com