[ti:Study Says Female Filmmakers Made Major Gains in 2019][by:shang05.com][00:00.00]更多听力请访问shang05.com[00:00.04]Lulu Wang, Lorene Scafaria, Melina Matsoukas[00:05.64]and Greta Gerwig led Hollywood to a record year for women in film directing.[00:13.76]In 2019, women directed more of the most popular movies than in any year before.[00:23.72]Women directed 12 of the top 100 most profitable films in 2019.[00:32.16]That is the finding of a study released Thursday by USC Annenberg Inclusion Initiative.[00:41.48]That percentage of female filmmakers, 10.6, is greater than researchers have recorded before.[00:50.24]It suggests change is finally coming to a film industry[00:56.36]where inequality in directing has remained common.[01:01.00]The past high in USC's yearly study was eight percent, in 2008.[01:09.08]In 2018, only 4.5 percent of the year's top films were directed by women.[01:19.32]"This is the first time we have seen a shift in hiring practices[01:25.12]for female film directors in 13 years," said Stacy L. Smith, a writer of the study.[01:34.92]She noted that Universal Pictures alone had five films with women directors in the top 100 movies.[01:45.88]The success of several of these films had already made 2019 a historic one for women.[01:54.92]Wang's The Farewell is one of the year's most popular independent releases.[02:03.00]Scafaria's Hustlers sold more than $100 million worth of tickets.[02:10.72]Also on the list was Matsoukas' Queen & Slim and Gerwig's Little Women.[02:19.44]Frozen II with $1.2 billion in worldwide ticket sales,[02:26.24]is close to setting a new box-office record for a movie directed by a woman.[02:33.56]Jennifer Lee, who co-directed, set the record with the first Frozen film.[02:40.60]Other notable films included Kasi Lemmons' Harriet, Tina Gordon's Little and Jill Culton's Abominable.[02:52.40]USC researchers singled out Universal Pictures,[02:56.64]where women directed 26 percent of the studio's films last year.[03:03.32]Universal's chief, Donna Langley, is the only woman to lead a major movie studio.[03:12.04]Paramount Pictures, in contrast, has not released a female-directed movie in the last five years.[03:22.04]Films from the streaming company Netflix largely bypass theaters[03:27.92]so they remain outside the study's limits.[03:31.96]However, women directed 20 percent of Netflix's 2019 movies.[03:40.92]The Center for the Study of Women in Television and Film[03:45.40]at San Diego State University released a separate study Thursday.[03:52.24]It examined women in the top films as not just directors but writers,[03:58.96]producers, executive producers, editors and cinematographers.[04:06.36]Women accounted for 20 percent of all such work[04:11.00]in 2019's top films, up from 16 percent the year before.[04:19.24]Study author Martha Lauzen suggested there is still room for improvement.[04:26.68]She said in a statement, "While the numbers moved in a positive direction this year,[04:33.48]men continue to outnumber women 4 to 1" in important non-acting positions.[04:41.92]Also of note, female filmmakers have been largely ignored in this awards season.[04:50.40]The Hollywood Foreign Press Association's Golden Globe awards this Sunday are an example.[04:58.16]No women are among the nominees for best director.[05:02.96]No films directed by women are among nominees for best picture, either.[05:11.08]Rebecca Goldman is the chief operating officer of the anti-discrimination group Time's Up.[05:18.36]She said the lack of women nominees is unacceptable.[05:23.68]"This year, there have been twice as many women-led features than ever,[05:29.08]with more films by female directors on the way," Goldman said.[05:34.88]"Women — and especially women of color — continue to be pushed to the sidelines[05:41.88]by a system that holds women back, on-screen and off.[05:47.84]I'm Caty Weaver. 更多听力请访问shang05.com