[ti:Leader Kim Jong Un Warns North Koreans of ‘Hard Times Ahead’ ][by:shang05.com][00:00.00]更多听力请访问shang05.com[00:00.04]North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has warned his country about a difficult economic future.[00:07.88]Kim made the comments in his New Year's message published Wednesday[00:13.44]at the end of a four-day meeting of the ruling Workers' Party.[00:18.28]The North Korean leader also seemed to reject the possibility[00:23.96]of progress in talks with the United States on the country's nuclear weapons program.[00:32.72]Kim expressed a new, tougher approach to the United States.[00:37.68]"We have to live under the sanctions by the hostile forces in the future," Kim said.[00:46.40]Kim also threatened to restart intercontinental ballistic missile or nuclear tests.[00:54.64]He warned the world would soon see a new kind of "weapon."[01:00.12]But his comments about his own country's future also show a small change in his situation.[01:09.20]The failure of the February 2019 meeting in Hanoi, Vietnam,[01:16.36]with U.S. President Donald Trump may have hurt his influence at home.[01:24.68]"I think the failure of Hanoi created some...costs for him[01:29.96]and those advocating for diplomacy with the U.S.," said Andray Abrahamian.[01:37.40]He is with George Mason University Korea.[01:42.08]"They looked weak by asking for sanctions relief,[01:46.56]now they're signaling that they don't need it."[01:51.88]At the failed negotiations in Hanoi,[01:55.80]Kim offered to dismantle some of the Yongbyon nuclear center.[02:01.88]In exchange, North Korean negotiators wanted a lessening of sanctions[02:09.24]that have severely hurt the country's economy.[02:14.76]Trump rejected the offer. This might have created embarrassment for Kim.[02:22.48]North Korea has been under United Nations sanctions for years and U.S. sanctions for even longer.[02:32.56]The sanctions are part of an international effort to cause North Korea[02:38.80]to end its nuclear weapons and long range missile programs.[02:44.80]Trump has refused to reduce the sanctions until North Korea agrees to stop all of its nuclear weapons activities.[02:58.00]The failure in Hanoi created difficulties for North Korea's small, but important, growing merchant class.[03:08.64]It also strengthened the argument of the country's traditional hard-liners.[03:15.68]They are against negotiations that may cause the country to give up its nuclear weapons.[03:24.88]Kim's statement may have been a call for loyalty.[03:30.20]Kim Jong Un's message on sanctions was about accepting them, explained Jenny Town.[03:38.12]She is a Korea specialist at the Stimson Center, a research group in Washington D.C.[03:47.16]One important possible change could be a strengthening of North Korea's byungjin policy.[03:55.00]That policy calls for the country to work toward nuclear and economic growth at the same time.[04:04.84]The byungjin idea is very clear to North Koreans.[04:09.88]It means doing with less to help the national economy, said Rachel Minyoung Lee.[04:17.36]She is a North Korea expert with NK News, a website that reports on North Korea.[04:25.40]It means "hard times ahead," she added.[04:30.64]Kim also called for a campaign against the small, private markets[04:37.16]that have been growing during the last 20 years.[04:41.72]This might make life even harder for North Koreans.[04:46.96]Duyeon Kim is a senior adviser for Northeast Asia and nuclear policy at the International Crisis Group.[04:56.60]She says North Korea will now try to become a nuclear and economic power.[05:04.96]Kim's speech did not completely reject nuclear negotiations.[05:10.40]However, it did suggest a more hard-line policy in 2020.[05:17.76]I'm Kelly Jean Kelly. 更多听力请访问shang05.com