[ti:Iran Promises Revenge after US Killing of Top General][by:shang05.com][00:00.00]更多听力请访问shang05.com[00:00.04]The killing of Iran's General Qassem Soleimani in a United States airstrike[00:05.48]marks a major increase in tension between the two countries.[00:11.20]Many fear the incident could lead to war and instability in the Middle East.[00:18.24]Soleimani was head of Iran's Quds Force, which has military operations in several countries in the region.[00:27.72]The Quds Force is recognized by the U.S. as an organization that provides support to terrorism.[00:36.88]Some considered Soleimani the second most powerful person in Iran behind Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.[00:47.64]Soleimani was killed along with several others Thursday near the Baghdad airport in Iraq.[00:55.48]U.S. military officials said President Donald Trump ordered the strike to protect Americans.[01:04.36]In a statement, officials noted, "General Soleimani was actively developing plans to attack[01:11.48]American diplomats and service members in Iraq and throughout the region."[01:18.36]In Iran, thousands of people marched in Tehran and other cities to protest the killings.[01:25.92]Supreme Leader Khamenei declared three days of national mourning for the general.[01:33.08]He said "severe revenge awaits the criminals" behind the strike.[01:40.24]The U.S. Embassy in Baghdad urged American citizens on Friday to leave Iraq "immediately."[01:49.00]It said the embassy is closed and "U.S. citizens should not approach the Embassy."[01:56.76]The Embassy was attacked by militia groups supported by Iran and other protesters earlier this week.[02:05.64]Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi condemned the killings[02:10.04]as a violation of the conditions of the U.S. military presence in Iraq.[02:16.48]He said the act of aggression violated Iraq's sovereignty and would lead to war.[02:24.84]Russia's foreign ministry said that Soleimani's killing "will lead to a rise in tension in the whole region."[02:34.44]And China urged "all the relevant parties, especially the U.S.,[02:39.96]to exercise restraint and prevent the escalation of the tensions."[02:46.72]The United States has about 5,000 troops in Iraq to train Iraqi forces and to fight Islamic State militants.[02:56.96]Another 55,000 are positioned across the Middle East.[03:02.64]All of them could be possible targets for Iran.[03:08.20]Over the last 20 years, Iran has supported a network of fighting forces and militias[03:15.56]in several countries including Iraq, Syria, Yemen and Lebanon.[03:23.36]These forces could present a threat to the stability in the region.[03:29.48]Tensions between the U.S. and Iran have increased since President Trump's decision in 2018[03:37.56]to withdraw the U.S. from Iran's nuclear deal with world powers.[03:43.92]Last year, Iran shot down a pilotless U.S. military spy airplane,[03:50.04]seized several oil tankers and interfered with international ship traffic in the Strait of Hormuz.[03:58.80]The U.S. also blames Iran for a September attack on a large Saudi Arabian oil processing center.[04:08.36]On Tuesday, a large group of protesters, angry over U.S. airstrikes targeting an Iranian-supported militia,[04:17.52]attacked the outer edge of the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad.[04:23.60]The attack led Trump to order another 750 U.S. troops to the Middle East.[04:31.44]The embassy attack followed U.S. airstrikes Sunday that killed 25 Kataeb Hezbollah fighters.[04:39.60]The militia, with ties to Iran, operates in Iraq and Syria.[04:47.56]The U.S. said the strikes were in reaction to the killing of an American contractor in a rocket attack last week.[04:56.48]Just hours before the news of Soleimani's death on Thursday,[05:01.60]U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper warned, "The game has changed."[05:08.60]I'm Jonathan Evans. 更多听力请访问shang05.com