[ti:Words of the Year: ‘They,’ ‘Existential,’ ‘Climate Emergency’][by:shang05.com][00:00.00]更多听力请访问shang05.com[00:00.04]"They."[00:01.16]This common pronoun is what Merriam-Webster chose for the word of 2019.[00:10.92]For hundreds of years, "they" generally has meant more than one person.[00:19.00]But increasingly, "they" is being used instead of "he" or "she"[00:26.88]to describe a non-binary person – one who does not identify as male or female.[00:37.48]The dictionary company says it chose "they"[00:41.76]because of a 313 percent increase this year in people looking it up on their site.[00:52.00]"I have to say it's surprising to me," said Peter Sokolowski,[00:58.60]a lexicographer and Merriam-Webster's editor-at-large.[01:04.72]"It's a word we all know and love. So many people were talking about this word."[01:13.92]Sokolowski and his team watch for spikes—or sharp increases—in word searches.[01:23.72]Searches for "they" increased last January with the rise of model Oslo Grace.[01:34.08]Grace, who uses the pronoun "they," walks in both men's and women's fashion shows around the world.[01:44.84]Nick Adams is with the LGBTQ group GLAAD.[01:51.64]He said Merriam-Webster's choice is a positive step in recognizing non-binary people.[02:00.96]Editor Peter Sokolowski told The Associated Press that "they,"[02:08.12]one of a few non-binary pronouns to emerge in recent years, is "here to stay."[02:17.36]Four years ago, Members of the American Dialect Society also voted for "they" as the word of the year.[02:28.84]Another language organization, Dictionary.com, chose "existential" as the 2019 winner.[02:39.72]The adjective means connected to existence.[02:44.76]Here is an example:[02:47.52]"Is climate change an existential threat to humans?"[02:54.80]In other words, does climate change threaten humans' existence on Earth?[03:03.48]The choice shows how threats and crises -- real and thought about -- affected the world in 2019.[03:13.68]John Kelly is senior research editor for the site.[03:18.64]He says, "In our data, it speaks to this sense of grappling with our survival."[03:27.80]The word showed up in searches at Dictionary.com after wildfires, Hurricane Dorian[03:36.20]and mass shootings in Christchurch, New Zealand and El Paso, Texas.[03:43.84]It also showed up in presidential politics and popular culture.[03:49.84]It was even linked to "Forky" the white plastic spork and new star of the movie "Toy Story 4."[04:03.92]Editor John Kelly explained that Forky asked "existential questions"[04:10.84]– those that make us wonder about who we are and why we are alive.[04:18.24]In the film, the dirty spork feels sure he will end up as waste.[04:25.68]But then he accepts his purpose as a treasured toy of a young girl named Bonnie.[04:36.80]Oxford Dictionaries picked "climate emergency" as its 2019 word.[04:44.48]It noted that how often people use a word[04:49.00]reflects the feelings or concerns of the passing year, the company said in a statement.[04:57.56]Other top words for 2019 included "quid pro quo," "snitty," and "exculpate."[05:11.92]They are ways to say "an exchange," "disagreeable," and "withdraw a charge of guilt."[05:23.56]I'm Anne Ball. 更多听力请访问shang05.com