[ti:UN: Nearly 500 Million People in Asia-Pacific Still Going Hungry][by:shang05.com][00:00.00]更多听力请访问shang05.com[00:00.04]A new report says nearly 500 million people in East Asia [00:05.16]and Pacific Ocean countries suffer from hunger and poor nutrition.[00:12.44]United Nations (UN) agencies released the report on December 11.[00:19.48]The agencies include the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization,[00:25.52]UNICEF, the World Food Program and the World Health Organization.[00:33.32]Observers say the UN's aim to end world hunger by the year 2030[00:40.24]requires that millions of people escape food insecurity each month.[00:47.92]The report notes slow progress and even some failures in the areas of child wasting,[00:55.44]stunting and other problems related to malnutrition.[01:01.68]Worsening levels of inequality mean that earnings in Asia and the Pacific[01:07.56]are not increasing fast enough to help ensure healthy diets for hundreds of millions living in poverty.[01:17.08]The report urges governments to combine efforts to end poverty[01:22.04]with nutrition, health and education-related policies.[01:28.04]The UN's sustainable development goals for 2030 call for ending hunger[01:34.36]and making sure all people have access to food year-round.[01:40.60]"We are not on track," said Kundhavi Kadiresan of the UN Food and Agriculture Organization.[01:48.40]"Progress in reducing undernourishment has slowed a lot in the past few years."[01:56.64]More than one-fifth of all people in the Asia-Pacific area face moderate to severe food insecurity.[02:05.96]That means they must go hungry part of the year, and in the worst cases, go days without eating.[02:15.56]The UN agencies' report says more than half of the 479 million in the area[02:23.52]who do not get enough to eat live in South Asia.[02:28.72]More than one-third of all children there suffer from chronic malnutrition, said the report.[02:36.68]In India, nearly 21 percent of children suffer from wasting, a more severe form of malnutrition.[02:46.32]Michael Samson is research director of the Economic Policy Research Institute.[02:53.52]He spoke earlier this month at the report's release in Bangkok.[02:59.48]Samson said that failing to ensure children are well fed[03:04.04]endangers their future development, especially their mental abilities.[03:10.72]He added: "Investing in the first 1,000 days (of a child's life)[03:16.36]is the most important investment you can make in future productivity."[03:22.60]Some governments in Southeast Asia have begun enacting policies[03:27.16]aimed at ending poor nutrition in children and mothers.[03:32.96]Thailand has provided aid that has helped improve the health and diets of families with young children.[03:42.16]In Myanmar, experimental programs in the Chin state are being expanded to other parts of the country.[03:51.88]Cambodia is expanding a program that the U.S. Agency for International Development helped to set up.[04:01.28]The program is called NOURISH.[04:04.76]It provides help for poor pregnant women and families during the first 1,000 days of a baby's life.[04:15.28]Laura Cardinal directed the program.[04:18.64]She says there was a nearly 20% decrease in developmental issues[04:25.00]and improvement in children's diets in areas where NOURISH operated.[04:32.32]I'm Jonathan Evans. 更多听力请访问shang05.com