[ti:Top US Trade Official Praises Deal with China][by:shang05.com][00:00.00]更多听力请访问shang05.com[00:00.04]President Donald Trump's top trade negotiator has praised what is being called[00:07.36]"phase one" of a trade deal between the United States and China.[00:14.64]However, Chinese officials remain guarded in their reaction before the signing of any agreement.[00:25.08]The new agreement is expected to nearly double U.S. exports to China over the next two years.[00:36.00]U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer spoke about the trade deal on Sunday.[00:45.24]He told CBS television that the deal was "totally done,"[00:51.48]although small changes to the wording are possible.[00:57.92]The deal was announced on Friday after more than two and a half years of negotiations[01:06.08]between U.S. and Chinese officials.[01:11.44]China agreed to increase purchases of U.S. products by about $200 billion over the next two years.[01:24.56]China is expected to buy more agricultural and manufactured goods[01:30.88]and energy products from American companies.[01:36.92]In addition, China has agreed to take steps to improve protections on property rights.[01:46.56]It promised to better protect U.S. intellectual property[01:51.60]and to limit pressure on American companies to transfer technology.[01:59.40]Other steps include opening the Chinese market to U.S. financial businesses[02:06.96]and a promise not to manipulate the value of China's money.[02:14.48]In return, the U.S. government has promised to reduce some taxes on Chinese imports.[02:24.20]Lighthizer said the date for signing the agreement has yet to be set.[02:32.16]Under the agreement, China is expected to import $40[02:37.72]to $50 billion worth of U.S. farm products in each of the next two years.[02:47.08]That is an increase over the $24 billion that China imported in 2017,[02:56.16]the last year before the U.S.-China trade dispute.[03:01.88]The top agricultural import for China has been soybeans, which reached $12 billion in 2017.[03:16.36]China also said it would buy more grain from U.S. farmers.[03:24.28]Several Chinese officials told the Reuters news agency[03:29.76]that the wording of the agreement remained a sensitive issue.[03:36.44]In fact, one person, who Reuters did not identify, said the deal, "is a phased achievement,[03:46.16]and does not mean that the trade dispute is settled once and for all."[03:54.44]Shi Yinhong is an adviser to the State Council of China and a professor at Renmin University in Beijing.[04:06.36]Shi said China faces pressure to carry out phase one of the trade deal.[04:14.92]He suggested that China might have to buy more soybeans than it needs[04:21.44]to meet the terms of the agreement.[04:25.12]He said while the Americans are happy, "we did not cheer" the new agreement.[04:33.72]The deal suspends planned U.S. import taxes on $160 billion of Chinese goods.[04:44.44]Those tariffs were to take effect on December 15.[04:50.92]U.S. negotiators also agreed to cut in half tariffs on $120 billion in Chinese products,[05:01.96]including Bluetooth headphones, smart speakers and televisions.[05:10.24]The new tax rate is 7.5 percent.[05:16.48]The U.S. Trade Representative and Department of the Treasury said any reports that U.S. negotiators[05:26.16]offered to cut in half tariffs on all $360 billion in goods were "false."[05:37.28]The deal keeps in place a 25 percent tariff on $250 billion worth[05:45.52]of Chinese products exported to the United States.[05:52.56]Lighthizer said Chinese officials would decide the success of the deal.[06:00.52]"Whether this whole agreement works is going to be determined[06:05.40]by who's making the decisions in China," he said.[06:11.20]"If the hard-liners are making the decisions we're going to get one outcome,[06:18.32]if the reformers are making the decisions – which is what we hope[06:23.48]– then we're going to get another outcome," Lighthizer added.[06:30.72]I'm Mario Ritter, Jr. 更多听力请访问shang05.com