[ti:Robot Justice: The Rise of China’s ‘Internet Courts’][by:shang05.com][00:00.00]更多听力请访问shang05.com[00:00.04]China says millions of legal cases are now being decided[00:05.96]by "internet courts" that do not require citizens to appear in court.[00:14.40]The "smart court" includes non-human judges powered by artificial intelligence, or AI.[00:25.00]People seeking legal action can register their case on the internet.[00:31.60]They can then take part in a digital court hearing.[00:37.20]The system gives users the chance to communicate[00:41.68]and receive court decisions by text or through major messaging services.[00:50.04]China's first internet court was established in the eastern city of Hangzhou in 2017.[01:00.08]Hangzhou is a center for major Chinese technology companies.[01:06.60]Last week, the country's Supreme People's Court released a report on the court's activities.[01:16.36]Users completed more than 3.1 million legal activities[01:22.36]through the court system from March to October of this year,[01:27.48]China's official Xinhua news agency reported.[01:32.96]More than 1 million citizens were registered with the system,[01:37.36]along with about 73,000 lawyers, the report said.[01:44.36]Judicial officials recently invited reporters to the Hangzhou Internet Court to see how it operates.[01:54.32]In one demonstration, citizens used video messaging to communicate[02:00.24]with virtual, AI-powered judges, the French press agency AFP reported.[02:10.08]"Does the defendant have any objection to the nature of the judicial blockchain evidence[02:17.20]submitted by the plaintiff?" a virtual judge asked during a pre-trial meeting.[02:25.32]The non-human judge was represented in the system by an image of a man wearing a black robe.[02:34.16]"No objection," the human plaintiff answered.[02:39.32]A Hangzhou court official told China's state-run CGTN television[02:46.00]the internet court system operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week.[02:53.36]It is designed to ease the workload of humans[02:56.96]and improve the speed and effectiveness of the legal process.[03:02.84]Court officials say that even though virtual judges are used,[03:08.16]human judges observe the process and can make major rulings.[03:15.16]The internet court in Hangzhou only deals with cases involving legal disputes over digital matters.[03:24.64]These include internet trade issues, copyright cases and disputes over online product sales.[03:35.52]Digital court cases in China have seen a sharp increase in recent years,[03:41.88]as the number of mobile payments and internet-based businesses has grown.[03:49.32]The growth is tied to China's huge number of internet users -- about 850 million.[03:58.88]Blockchain is one of the digital technologies used in the court system.[04:05.64]Blockchain is the name for an official list of transactions[04:10.48]carried out between users belonging to the same group of computers.[04:16.12]The technology permits transaction records to be checked and stored safely.[04:24.24]Ni Defeng is vice president of the Hangzhou Internet Court.[04:30.72]He told reporters the use of blockchain was particularly useful[04:36.20]in helping to reduce paperwork and create clearer records of the legal process.[04:43.76]Ni noted that he thinks the system's ability to provide quick results[04:49.96]helps give citizens more quality justice.[04:54.76]"Because justice delayed is justice denied," he said.[05:01.56]After establishing the court in Hangzhou, China launched similar operations[05:08.20]in the cities of Beijing and Guangzhou.[05:13.20]Courts nationwide are also experimenting with several digital tools,[05:19.20]said Zhou Qiang, chief justice and president of the Supreme People's Court.[05:27.32]He told reporters last week that as of October, more than 90 percent of Chinese courts[05:34.88]were using some form of online tools to help deal with cases.[05:42.20]I'm Bryan Lynn. 更多听力请访问shang05.com