[ti:Protests Break Out Over Indian Citizenship Law][by:shang05.com][00:00.00]更多听力请访问shang05.com[00:00.20]The approval of a new citizenship law by India's parliament[00:05.76]led to protests that turned violent in Northeast India.[00:11.44]The Citizenship Amendment Bill would make it easier for non-Muslim minorities[00:19.52]from some neighboring countries to seek Indian citizenship.[00:25.04]India's upper house of parliament passed the bill 125-105 on Wednesday night.[00:33.80]It passed the lower house on Monday.[00:38.32]The country's president needs to sign the bill before it becomes law.[00:44.88]Thousands of people in Assam state protested the measure on Wednesday and Thursday.[00:53.28]The law seeks to give Indian nationality to Buddhists, Christians, Hindus,[01:02.52]Jains, Parsis and Sikhs who fled Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan[01:11.12]because of religious persecution before 2015.[01:16.56]Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Hindu nationalist-led government[01:23.12]introduced the bill after an election victory in May.[01:28.76]Modi called passage of the bill a "landmark day for India."[01:35.32]He said the law would help ease "the suffering of many who faced persecution for years."[01:44.20]Protesters warned that the law would open Assam state to a flood of foreign migrants.[01:52.80]Critics have also said the measure goes against India's constitution by not offering protection to Muslims.[02:03.40]Police in Assam's main city of Guahati fired bullets and tear gas against groups of protesters.[02:15.12]Demonstrators burned tires and blocked highways and rail lines in protests[02:21.64]that continued even after a curfew was declared.[02:26.28]Some Indian newspaper opinion writers said the law was an effort[02:32.28]by Modi's administration to marginalize India's 200 million Muslims.[02:40.44]But Home Minister Amit Shah said when introducing the bill in the upper house that it was not anti-Muslim,[02:49.08]because it did not affect the existing path to citizenship available to all communities.[02:57.16]However, the government has said the law will be followed by a citizenship register.[03:04.40]This would require Muslims to prove they were original residents of India to receive citizenship consideration.[03:14.44]Several opposition lawmakers who debated the bill in parliament said the legislation will face legal battles in court.[03:24.88]"Today marks a dark day in the constitutional history of India,"[03:31.96]said Sonia Gandhi of the main opposition Congress party.[03:37.28]"Passage of the Citizenship Amendment Bill marks the victory of narrow-minded[03:45.28]and bigoted forces over India's pluralism," she added.[03:51.32]I'm Bryan Lynn. 更多听力请访问shang05.com