[ti:Officials Want to Limit Vietnam’s Work Week to 40 Hours][by:shang05.com][00:00.00]更多听力请访问shang05.com[00:00.04]Officials in Vietnam are campaigning to reduce the country's legal work week from 48 hours to 40 hours.[00:12.32]One of the effort's main supporters is Nguyen Thien Nhan.[00:18.40]He is the secretary of Ho Chi Minh City's Communist Party central committee.[00:26.04]Nhan and others in the government have argued that making people work longer hours does not increase their productivity.[00:37.20]Currently, Vietnam has a legal work week of 48 hours.[00:42.96]This means people are expected to work six days a week, for eight hours a day.[00:50.24]Nhan says it is common for many workers to spend much longer on the job than the current legal limit.[00:59.60]"Do we want our husbands or wives, our children or siblings[01:04.92]to work nine to 10 hours a day all year round, or 10 to 12 hours a day for six months?" Nhan said.[01:15.88]"We need to answer this question ourselves, before we even discuss overtime."[01:24.00]Some countries have already taken steps to reduce the number of working hours.[01:30.52]For example, Australia bars employers from requiring employees to work more than 38 hours a week.[01:40.08]Some European countries have average work weeks far below 40 hours.[01:47.24]In Germany, the average worker spends 1,363 hours on the job each year,[01:55.64]a 2018 report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) found.[02:04.20]This equals about 26 hours per week.[02:09.68]Citizens of Denmark labor a little longer, with an average 1,392 working hours each year.[02:20.16]Next is Norway, where workers spend 1,416 hours on the job.[02:29.28]Nhan and his supporters have noted that movements for a 40-hour work week[02:35.24]date back to a gathering of socialist and labor parties in 1889.[02:42.60]However, Nhan said the 40-hour work week also became a recognized right among capitalist nations.[02:53.12]In some countries, companies are taking their own steps to reduce working hours for employees.[03:01.16]Microsoft Japan is testing out a four-day work week.[03:06.64]Rheingans, a technology company in Germany, is limiting its workers to a five-hour workday.[03:15.84]In Vietnam, the 48-hour week is more common among the country's non-professional workers.[03:24.20]Many government and professional workers work a 40-hour work week.[03:30.92]Nguyen Thi Xuan is a member of Vietnam's parliament.[03:37.52]She has expressed worries that some companies may already be overworking employees under the 48-hour system.[03:47.68]Xuan, who represents a farming town in Vietnam's Central Highlands,[03:53.20]called for a reduction in working hours to protect the health and living standards of workers.[04:02.56]While Nhan and others keep pushing their campaign for a 40-hour work week,[04:08.64]they are not expecting the change to happen anytime soon.[04:14.00]Some are hoping their goal can be reached within 10 years.[04:19.00]They have pointed out that Vietnam's Communist Party was founded in 1930.[04:26.04]By the time the party turns 100, in 2030, the nation's workforce could receive a gift: a new 40-hour work week.[04:37.44]I'm Bryan Lynn.[04:39.08]更多听力请访问shang05.com