[ti:Newseum to Close after Years of Difficulties][by:shang05.com][00:00.00]更多听力请访问shang05.com[00:00.04]The Newseum, a private museum showing modern history through the eyes of journalists,[00:06.80]is closing after 11 years in Washington, DC.[00:12.68]Opened in 2008, the building became recognizable[00:17.60]for its four-story high marble presentation of the First Amendment.[00:23.92]That amendment to the U.S. Constitution protects the freedoms of speech and the press among others.[00:33.28]After years of financial difficulties, the Newseum will finally[00:38.36]close its doors on December 31, the last day of 2019.[00:45.80]The building was sold for $372.5 million to Johns Hopkins University.[00:55.44]The school plans to use it for some of its graduate programs.[01:02.04]Sonya Gavankar is the outgoing spokesperson for the museum.[01:07.60]She noted several issues that led to the closing.[01:12.12]One was bad timing.[01:15.04]The museum opened in 2008 during an economic recession.[01:20.96]Newspapers were hit especially hard.[01:25.60]Some closed and many reporters lost their jobs.[01:31.12]Also, in a city full of free museums, the private Newseum charged visitors $25 to enter.[01:42.08]Just across the street is the National Gallery of Art.[01:47.36]Within walking distance are several Smithsonian museums.[01:52.44]All receive money from the U.S. Congress.[01:57.68]"Competing with free institutions in Washington was difficult," Gavankar said.[02:05.36]Claire Myers lives in the city of Washington.[02:10.08]She recalls coming to the Newseum on a class trip during her final year of high school.[02:17.56]She only returned in late December for a final visit[02:21.92]because she heard it was closing at the end of the year.[02:26.92]She said, "I do think part of the reason was because it's a paid museum.[02:33.00]Why go out of my way to do this when I could just go to any other free museum?"[02:41.64]But Myers said she was deeply impressed by the exhibits,[02:46.04]especially the Pulitzer Prize-winning photographs.[02:49.52]"I do wish it wasn't going away," she said.[02:54.88]In addition to journalism and historic event exhibits,[02:58.96]the Newseum has added others involving free speech and civil rights issues.[03:06.48]There is an exhibit exploring the cultural and political influence of comedian John Stewart[03:12.84]and his "The Daily Show" television program.[03:17.28]Others include a look at the history of LGBTQ rights and an exhibit of presidential dogs.[03:26.68]Gavankar said the Freedom Forum would continue its mission in different forms.[03:33.60]That is the journalism foundation that started the Newseum, which was first based in northern Virginia.[03:42.20]The foundation currently has exhibits on the Berlin Wall in two Washington area airports.[03:50.40]Next year, they will be replaced by exhibits on the women's voting rights movement.[03:58.40]The Newseum's popular Today's Front Pages, which shows nearly 1,000 newspaper's front pages[04:07.00]each day from around the world, will continue online after the December 31 closing.[04:16.08]Ken Paulson is a former president of the Newseum.[04:20.92]He called the museum's closing "a major disappointment to so many who care deeply about freedom of the press."[04:30.84]As for the marble entrance on Pennsylvania Avenue, Paulson wrote in USA Today,[04:38.08]"It was a dramatic and valuable reminder of the role our freedoms of press,[04:44.28]speech, religion, petition and assembly play in ensuring that the United States[04:51.36]remains the most vibrant, powerful — and free — nation in the world."[04:58.84]I'm Jonathan Evans. 更多听力请访问shang05.com