[ti:Companies Seek to Block California Law Covering Independent Workers][by:shang05.com][00:00.00]更多听力请访问shang05.com[00:00.04]Two companies that employ independent workers are taking legal action[00:05.56]to block a California law that offers protections to such workers.[00:12.40]The ride-sharing company Uber joined delivery service Postmates in the lawsuit.[00:20.28]The two companies argue that the new law violates federal[00:25.00]and state constitutional guarantees of equal protection and fair justice.[00:33.04]The law is set to take effect in California on Wednesday.[00:39.24]Supporters have argued that the new rules protect the rights of workers who are independent contractors.[00:48.96]The law requires companies to provide some independent contractors[00:54.84]with the same kinds of work protections and benefits that employees receive.[01:01.92]In addition to Uber and Postmates, the lawsuit includes two independent workers fighting the law.[01:11.48]California Governor Gavin Newsom signed the law in September.[01:17.80]It has brought greater attention to the rights of independent workers.[01:24.12]The California law is seen as a possible model for future legislation in other states.[01:33.24]Companies like Uber, Lyft, Postmates and others depend on the state's estimated[01:40.96]450,000 contract workers to work as drivers to keep their businesses running.[01:50.16]The workers are considered independent contractors;[01:54.68]they choose which hours and days they want to work.[02:00.84]The lawsuit argues that the new law covers some industries[02:05.84]– like ride-sharing and delivery – but not others that operate similarly.[02:13.48]It also states that the rules violate workers' rights to choose how they earn a living.[02:21.52]The lawsuit also argues that the new law harms companies[02:26.20]providing independent services "by denying their constitutional rights[02:31.92]to be treated the same as others to whom they are similarly situated."[02:38.44]The lawsuit described a study that suggested the law would increase Lyft's operating costs[02:45.84]by 20 percent and cut the number of drivers in California by about 300,000.[02:55.16]Democratic state lawmaker Lorena Gonzalez of San Diego helped write the bill.[03:02.44]She said the law is meant to extend employee rights[03:06.96]to more than a million independent workers who lack benefits.[03:12.88]Those benefits include a minimum wage, paid time off and medical coverage.[03:21.32]Gonzalez noted that Uber had sought to receive exemptions to the law[03:26.92]when legislators were working on the bill.[03:31.12]Uber joined Lyft and DoorDash in promising to spend $30 million each[03:38.36]in an effort to have the law overturned by voters during the 2020 election.[03:45.84]Gonzalez said in a statement: "The one clear thing we know about Uber[03:51.52]is they will do anything to try to exempt themselves from state regulations[03:57.44]that make us all safer and their driver employees self-sufficient."[04:04.16]She added: "In the meantime, Uber chief executives will continue to become billionaires[04:11.48]while too many of their drivers are forced to sleep in their cars."[04:17.44]I'm Jonathan Evans. 更多听力请访问shang05.com