华纳国际

国际法院开始审理缅甸种族灭绝案 昂山素季亲赴海牙辩护

    Public hearings on genocide accusations against Myanmar have ended at the International Court of Justice in The Hague, Netherlands.
    对缅甸种族灭绝指控的公开审判已经在荷兰海牙国际法院落下帷幕。

    On Thursday, the lawyer presenting the case against Myanmar said Burmese leader Aung San Suu Kyi ignored reports of mass killings and rape as she defended her country at the United Nations court.
    对缅甸提出指控的律师周四表示,缅甸领导人昂山素季在国际法院为缅甸辩护时,完全无视了大规模杀戮和强奸的报告。

    Paul Reichler told the ICJ Suu Kyi chose to ignore the reported sexual violence because "it is undeniable and unspeakable."
    保罗·莱希勒对国际法院表示,昂山素季选择忽略所报道的性暴力,是因为“这是不可否认且难以言喻的。”

    Suu Kyi said during hearings Wednesday that the charge of genocide is "misleading" because "cycles of intercommunal violence" in Myanmar date "back to the 1940s." She argued that the military's action in Rakhine state, Myanmar, was an anti-terrorism campaign against a violent Rohingya extremist group.
    昂山素季在周三的审讯中表示,种族灭绝指控“具有误导性”,因为缅甸的“社区间暴力循环”可以追溯到上世纪40年代。她认为军方在缅甸若开邦的行动是针对一家暴力的罗兴亚极端主义组织的反恐行动。

    Aung San Suu Kyi said the Rohingya minority fled from a civil conflict started by planned attacks by the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army. The armed group attacked security positions in western Rakhine state in August 2017. She said "Myanmar's defense services" answered those terror attacks, targeting the militants who had carried them out.
    昂山素季表示,罗兴亚少数民族是在逃离一场由阿拉干罗兴亚救世军有计划袭击引发的内战。该武装组织于2017年8月袭击了若开邦西部的安全阵地。她说,缅甸国防部对这些恐怖袭击做出了回应,把实施袭击的激进分子作为攻击目标。

    She also said that Myanmar is seeking to investigate and bring to justice any crime done during the campaign by troops and others.
    她还表示,缅甸正在寻求调查军方和其他人员在军事行动期间犯下的任何罪行,并会将其绳之以法。

    At least 700,000 Rohingya fled to neighboring Bangladesh during the Myanmar military campaign. A U.N. investigation found that campaign was carried out "with genocidal intent." Investigators said as many as 10,000 Rohingya, a Muslim minority in Myanmar, were killed.
    在缅甸军事行动期间,至少有70万罗兴亚人逃往了邻国孟加拉国。联合国调查发现,这场军事行动的进行是“出于种族灭绝意图。”调查人员说,作为缅甸穆斯林少数民族的罗兴亚人有高达1万人被杀。

    U.N. investigators spoke to witnesses of the military action. The witnesses provided many reports of massacres, extrajudicial killings, mass rapes and the burning of entire villages.
    联合国调查人员与这场军事行动的目击者进行了交谈。目击者提供了许多关于屠杀、法外处决、大规模强奸和焚烧整个村庄的报告。

    The Gambia brought the case against Myanmar to the ICJ, as requested by the Organization for Islamic Cooperation. When the hearings opened Tuesday, lawyers for The Gambia told of the reported atrocities.
    冈比亚应伊斯兰合作组织的要求将缅甸告到了国际法院。当周二的审讯开始时,冈比亚的律师讲述了所报道的暴行。

    The Gambia is seeking special measures to protect the Rohingyas until the genocide case is heard in full.
    冈比亚正在寻求采取特殊措施保护罗兴亚人,直到这起种族灭绝案件得到全面审理为止。

    Gambian Justice Minister Abubacarr Tambadou told reporters, "We are signatories to the Genocide Convention like any other state. It shows that you don't have to have military power or economic power to stand for justice."
    冈比亚司法部长阿布巴卡尔·坦贝杜对记者表示:“我们是《灭绝种族罪公约》对缔约国。这表明我们无需军事实力或经济实力保证,就能捍卫这种正义。”

    Aung San Suu Kyi won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 for her pro-democracy stand against Myanmar's military government at the time. It placed her under house arrest for 15 years until finally freeing her in 2010. But her defense of the military's actions against the Rohingya has damaged her public image as a fighter for democracy and human rights.
    昂山素季1991年凭借当时反对缅甸军政府的民主立场获得了诺贝尔和平奖。这使得她被软禁15年,直到2010年被最终释放。但是她对军方对罗兴亚人所采取行动的辩护损害了她作为民主和人权斗士的公众形象。

    The Rohingya were excluded from a 1982 citizenship law that bases full legal status through membership in a government-recognized native group. The Myanmar government considers the Rohingya illegal immigrants from Bangladesh, a move that has left the ethnic group stateless.
    罗兴亚人被排除在1982年的《公民法》之外,这部法律将政府认可的本地族群身份作为享有完全法律地位的基础。缅甸政府认为罗兴亚人是来自孟加拉国的非法移民,这使得该民族没有国籍。

    A ruling from the court to approve measures to protect the Rohingya is expected within weeks. A final ruling on the accusation of genocide could take several years.
    预计国际法院批准保护罗兴亚人措施的裁决将在几个星期内出台。关于种族灭绝指控的最终裁决可能需要数年时间。

    I'm Caty Weaver.
    我是凯蒂·韦孚。(shang05.com原创翻译,禁止转载,违者必究!)